Within numerous poems written by Pablo Neruda,
an abundance of figurative language and literary devices can be found. Many of these instances can be found in Neruda’s
Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair. The use of these devices brings Neruda’s poetry to life; it catches the reader’s
attention and keeps them focused on the essence of the poems. Most of Neruda’s thematic elements are centralized around
visual imagery and personification; these are used to help the reader understand the fundamental nature of Neruda’s
Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair is based around the appreciation of the human form and the magnificence the female
body possesses. “Body of a woman, white hills, white thighs, you look like a world, lying in surrender,” just
one of the many occurrences of figurative language found within his book of poems. However, these poems are not simply erotica
poetry, but beautifully crafted employments of figurative language, and skillfully placed diction. Neruda’s unique usage
of language places him in his own class of poetry, although reminiscent of Whitman’s poetry, Neruda creates a feeling
of natural understanding through his poetry. Neruda’s love of nature and the beauty that exists amongst it blazes through
his language and metaphors.
In conclusion, Neruda’s use of literary devices complements his themes and motifs throughout his poetry. Metaphors,
visual imagery, personification, and similes are some of the major devices used in Neruda’s poetry. Neruda’s poetry
has been widely known as the best lyrically written poetry in the world of poetry, due to his intricate imageries and language.