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Pablo Neruda

Style Analysis

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"The most influential, and inventive poet of the Spanish language."

- The New York Times

Style Analysis

Within many of Pablo Nerudas poems one can find a number of different stylistic devices and techniques utilized by Neruda to bring forth his themes and arguments. An abundance of metaphors, similes, hyperboles, and other figurative language is evident in Nerudas poetry. Rhyming schemes, syntax, and diction are some of the literary techniques Neruda uses to further elaborate upon his central themes. Nerudas unique descriptive poetry can be traced back to his intricate imagery and lavish details. All of these techniques and devices are only to bring focus on Nerudas themes nature, love, politics, and human condition.
For example, within Nerudas poem "Leaning into the Afternoons", Neruda uses metaphors to exemplify his mourning for his recently deceased friend during the Spanish Civil War. The Civil War is what drove Neruda into writing poetry for the people and of the people. Hyperboles are also strategically placed in Nerudas poetry, like this one found in Nerudas poem "I'm Explaining a Few Things"; "wave on wave of tomatoes rolling down the sea." Nerudas skillfully placed imageries and his straightforward word-choice enables the reader to fully understand the central ideal that Neruda intended to bring forth through his poetry.
Similarly, Nerudas style of writing is based on his techniques used to mold the poem. Rhyming schemes are especially significant within his poems, (Nerudas rhyming schemes are evident only within his original Spanish poetry, simply because of the translations,) the patterns employed by Neruda in his Spanish poetry are used to control the mood of the poem, whether it be hopeful or gloomy. Nerudas point of view remains his own throughout his poetry, specifically in love poems. Nerudas simple syntax allows the reader to easily follow the poem and quickly understand the point of it. Diction plays a very large role in Nerudas poetry, perhaps not so much in the English translation. His simple, although occasionally verbose, diction creates no barriers between the reader and fully understanding the poetry.
In conclusion, Nerudas stylistic techniques help him bring about his central ideals through his poetry. His themes centralize around nature, love, politics, and human condition, shaped by his imageries and complex diction. Neruda spent some time in politics; he was always seen with the common people, rarely with the executives. Neruda writes about atrocities and beauties, he writes for the people and of the people.

Pablo Neruda by Richard Montero CGHS